■ 托福口說考試共 4 題，其中一題獨立題，三題整合題。
■ 口說考試的時間約 17 分鐘。
TOEFL口說共 4 題，可以分類成獨立題和整合題2種類型。
1 Tasks 1
Question 1 is called an “independent speaking task” because it requires you to draw entirely on your own ideas, opinions and experiences when you respond.
Directions: You will now be asked to give your opinion about a familiar topic. Give yourself 15 seconds to prepare your response. Then record yourself speaking for 45 seconds.
Some people like to shop in large grocery stores and department stores. Other people prefer to shop in small specialty stores or shops. Which do you prefer?
Preparation Time: 15 seconds
Response Time: 45 seconds
■ 在 Task 1 並沒有太多的時間可以去詳細思考，需要快速閱讀題目並思考應對。
2 Tasks 2 & Tasks 3
除了 Task 1 是獨立題，剩下的 3 題都是整合題，回答時需要運用多項技能。
Tasks 2 & Tasks 3 會同時測驗考生的閱讀、聽力和口說。
Questions 2–4 are called “integrated speaking tasks” because they require you to combine your English-language skills — listening and speaking, or listening, reading and speaking — just as you would in or out of a classroom.
Directions: Read a passage about invasion species. You have 45 seconds to read the passage. Begin reading now.
In biology, an invasion species refers to a non-native species, a species not native to a certain place. Sometimes it is a accidentally introduced by humans through air travel. Other time, it is deliberately introduction, an invasive species can cause unseen damage to a certain geographical locationm and the damage is beyond our control. It is quite tenacious and it can thrive in that location for quite well. Under most circumstances, they have no natural enenies in the location.
Non-native or as we call non-indigenous species are hard to get rid of since they do not have natural enemies. Golden apple snails are the well know non-indigenous species in Taiwan. They process traits of non-native species, such as fast growth and rapid reproduction. They are omnivores and tend to eat the tender parts of plants, such as the stems and leaves. They are doing quite a lot of damage to rice fields and potatoes by the river bank. Harvests of agricultural crops are heavily influenced by the presence of the golden apple snails. Other Asian countries have also suffered from the harm caused by the golden apple snails. Luckily, people have come up with ways to cope with overpopulation of the golden appke snails.
Fish have been used a way to combat the golden apple snail invasion, although not as useful as fresh-water turtles. Several species of turtles can be more effective in controlling the population of the golden apple snails. What’s more interesting is that ducks can be uesd for controlling the species. Another less-known species, the Africa saccred ibis also can be used to decrease the number of the species. The funny thing is they are non-native species as well. It’s like using non-native species to control another non-indigenous species.
Directions: Give yourself 30 seconds to prepare your response to the following question. Then record yourself speaking for 60 seconds.
Explain how the example from the professor’s lecture tells us more about the non-native species.
Preparation Time: 30 seconds
Response Time: 60 seconds
Task 2 & Task 3 通常被認為是最棘手的題型，因為它同時測驗考生的閱讀、聽力與口說3種能力。
3 Tasks 4
最後一題 Tasks 4 仍是整合題，需要先聽一場講座的內容，之後會有20秒的準備時間，最後用60秒的時間回答問題。
Directions: Now listen to part of a talk in a biology class.
Sinister rabbits in the mind of people vary, according to customs or culture. Contrary to popular belief, adorable rabbits are such hateful creatures in the mind of most Australians. It’s not some stocking news. But it somehow brings us the Myxoma virus, the virus eventually used to control the population of the rabbits.
Hundreds of years ago. European rebbits arrived in the land if the paradise, Australia, since there were no predators, such as foxes, wolves, and so on. Breeding led to uncontrollable expansion of rabbits in Australia. The situation went a bit out of inability to compete with the so-called invasion species, the European rabbits. Starvatiob occurred among most Australian animals. Apart from the starvation, the ecological loss was unbearable.
Eventually a lot of methods, such as poisonous gases and foxes were used to kill reabbits. Surprisingly, foxed were more inclined to eat sluggish Australian animals. Biocontrol seemed to be the only way out. The government introduced the Myxoma virus, the virus only fatal to European rabbits not American rabbits, and the virus has selectivity so that it is totally harmless to local farm animals and humans. The virus is the solution for the increasingly rampant rabbits population.
Directions: Give yourself 20 seconds to prepare your response to the following question. Then record yourself speaking for 60 seconds.
Explain how story from the professor’s lecture tell us something about European rabbits and Myxoma virus.
Preparation Time: 20 seconds
Response Time: 60 seconds
因為 Task 4 的聽力內容會比 Task 3 更長也更複雜，所以寫筆記做「快速總結段落重點」的能力是非常重要的，要能快速梳理講座的邏輯架構，才能在開口之前整理好講稿，而回答時提到講座內容的「具體細節」則可以為你加分。
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